WHAT IS DRY EYE?
Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears evaporate too quickly. Dry eye can be associated with inflammation or any disease process that alters the components or production of tears.
Other names for dry eye include dry eye syndrome, keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), evaporative tear deficiency, aqueous tear deficiency, and dry eye disease.
WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF DRY EYE?
Dry eye symptoms may include any of the following:
- stinging or burning of the eye
- a sandy or gritty feeling as if something is in the eye
- episodes of excess tears following very dry eye periods
- a stringy discharge from the eye
- pain and redness of the eye
- episodes of blurred vision
- heavy eyelids
- discomfort with contact lens
- decreased tolerance of reading, working on the computer, or any activity that requires sustained visual attention
- eye fatigue
If symptoms of dry eye persist, call us: 305.673.1211 so we can make an accurate diagnosis of the condition and begin treatment to avoid permanent damage.
WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF DRY EYE?
Dry eye can be a temporary or chronic condition:
- Dry eye can be a side effect of some medications, including antihistamines, nasal decongestants, tranquilizers, certain blood pressure medicines, Parkinson’s medications, birth control pills and anti-depressants.
- Skin disease on or around the eyelids
- Diseases of the glands in the eyelids, such as meibomian gland dysfunction
- Blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids)
- Post LASIK surgery
- Environment: air conditioning, wind, heat
- Infrequent blinking associated with staring at computer or video screens
- Contact Lens Wear
- Immune system disorders such as Sjogrens Syndrome
- Women who are on hormone replacement therapy may experience dry eye symptoms. Women taking only estrogen are 70 percent more likely to experience dry eye, whereas those taking estrogen and progesterone have a 30 percent increased risk of developing dry eye.